Plato and Aristotle were philosophers who had distinct view about human nature even though Aristotle was a student of Plato. Plato was more rationalistic, whereas, Aristotle was more empiricist. Plato was also a dualist who believed that humans are composed of two matter, body and mind. Plato states, humans have certain needs such as food and shelter and that need is only fulfilled need when “person specializes in some occupation and then exchanges goods and services with another person “. In contrast, Aristotle believes each living organism has different form, some being are more complex than others; thus, causing differences in language process. Aristotle held a view that humans are social beings and can only reach “full development” in society.
This website below shows in a table chart how different Plato and Aristotle viewed nature and roles we play in society.